PROFILE OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PATIENTS AT WALED GENERAL HOSPITAL, CIREBON DISTRICT, INDONESIA: HIGH PREVALENCE IN PRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP, FEMALE AND HOUSEWIVES

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.55908/sdgs.v12i6.3746

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Kidney, Hypertension, Diabetic Nephropathy, Obesity

Abstract

Objective: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to insufficiency of insulin function. One of the complications caused by DM is Diabetic Nephropathy. This study aims to determine the profile of diabetic nephropathy patients at Waled General Hospital, Cirebon Regency, Indonesia.

 

Methods: A descriptive observational study was conducted at Waled General Hospital, Cirebon Regency, Indonesia.

All patients diagnosed with diabetic nephropathy at Internal Medicine Polyclinic from January 2018 to December 2021 were recruited. The inclusion criteria were adult diabetic nephropathy patients (aged >17 years).

 

Results: There were 58 patients recruited into the sample, consisting of 37.9% male and 62.1% female. The majority of the sample were aged 55-64 years (44.8%) and housewives (60.3%). We also found that 87.9% of sample were productive age group (<65 years). A total of 79.4% sample had hypertension stage 1 and 2. Based on body mass index (BMI), it was found that 15.5% of the sample were overweight and 10.3% were obese. More than half (51.7%) had Random Blood Glucose (RBG) 200-300 mg/dL and about 32.8% had RBG >300 mg/dL.

 

Conclusion: It can be concluded that diabetic nephropathy is mostly suffered productive age group <65 years, female, housewives, uncontrolled hypertension, lipid and blood glucose. Efforts to prevent DM and diabetic nephropathy need to be carried out in productive age groups, female and housewives by avoiding sedentary lifestyle, maintaining ideal body weight, preventing hypertension, dyslipidemia and optimal blood gulcose control.

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Published

2024-06-06

How to Cite

Pratiwi, W., & Surgana, M. B. (2024). PROFILE OF DIABETIC NEPHROPATHY PATIENTS AT WALED GENERAL HOSPITAL, CIREBON DISTRICT, INDONESIA: HIGH PREVALENCE IN PRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP, FEMALE AND HOUSEWIVES. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 12(6), e3746. https://doi.org/10.55908/sdgs.v12i6.3746