Legal Void in the Criminalization of Trafficking in Persons




Legal vacuum, Human trafficking, Migrant Smuggling


Objective: The objective of the study was to analyze the legal gap in the criminalization of human trafficking in a district of Metropolitan Lima.

Method: The research paradigm conducted was the interpretative and qualitative approach oriented towards understanding the context which is oriented towards the objectives of knowledge to describe and interpret legal truth from within. The research design was phenomenological and was based mainly on the following premises: it tries to explain and understand the phenomena from the angle of each participant and the mentality built collectively. The sample consisted of two judges, two prosecutors and six lawyers, the technique was the interview and the instrument was the interview guide.

Results: The investigation concluded that there is a legal vacuum in the criminalization of human trafficking in a district of Lima, Peru is a very informal country, and having a situation of informality reduces the risk of committing the crime because there is no control.

Conclusion: The strong presence of this crime is the high social tolerance, which is manifested in many cases of sexual exploitation, both of minors and adults, especially women. Furthermore, articles 153 and 153-A of the penal code are important and demonstrate the application of the rule directly related to rape and trafficking in human beings. Likewise, Laws N°30251 and N°28950 are fundamental to support victims of human trafficking.


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How to Cite

Capcha Carrillo, T., Palacios Garay, J. P., Escalante Flores, J. L., & Cadenillas Albornoz, V. (2022). Legal Void in the Criminalization of Trafficking in Persons. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 10(2), e0233.