Juridical Review of the Concept of Asset Forfeiture without a Judgment of Conviction in Returning State Financial Losses resulting from Corruption Crimes
Keywords:corruption crimes, criminal law, criminal code (KUHP)
Objective: This research aims to analyze changes in criminal law, particularly in the context of corruption, within the new Criminal Code in Indonesia. It explores the reasons behind the rejection of certain provisions in the new Criminal Code, especially those related to the punishment for corruption offenses.
Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework of this research is rooted in the field of criminal law and legal reform. It considers the evolution of criminal law in response to societal needs and expectations. The study also examines the principle of proportionality in criminal sentencing, particularly concerning corruption offenses.
Method: This research adopts a normative legal research approach, relying on an analysis of existing legal texts and previous studies related to criminal law in Indonesia. The primary data sources include statutory laws in Indonesia, while secondary data sources consist of scholarly works and legal analyses.
Result and Conclusion: The findings of this research reveal that the rejection of the new Criminal Code is primarily due to the removal of specific articles related to corruption. In the new Code, corruption offenses are no longer categorized as extraordinary crimes but are treated as ordinary offenses, akin to theft. This shift has implications for law enforcement authorities, such as the police, the prosecutor's office, and the Corruption Eradication Commission, as it blurs the lines of their jurisdiction and responsibilities in addressing corruption.
Originality/Value: This research contributes to the understanding of the legal changes brought about by the new Criminal Code in Indonesia, with a specific focus on corruption offenses. It highlights the concerns and implications of categorizing corruption as an ordinary offense, potentially impacting the effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts. The study's value lies in its ability to inform policymakers, legal practitioners, and scholars about the complexities surrounding criminal law reform and its consequences in the context of corruption.
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