Challenges, Practice and Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Sustainable Development of Environment and Society




corporate social responsibility, challenge, practice, environment, sustainability


Objective: This research aims to identify the Corporate Social Responsibility challenges and their effects on business, the environment, and society.


Methods: Exploratory research is employed in this work using primarysecondary data from journals, magazines, articles, and media reports.


Result: The survey indicated that many CSRs struggle with transparency, inequity, consensus, financial resources, community engagement, strategic planning, and bias in their policies, practices, and cultures. Public awareness of corporations and a network of activities were very limited.


Conclusion: Corporate social responsibility refers to a company's efforts to evaluate and address the impacts it has on society and the environment. CSR may demonstrate commitment to care for the community by taking steps to reduce waste and pollution and by funding educational and social welfare initiatives. The corporates should understand their role in promoting CSR. The corporates should also organize training, conferences, and seminars to share and produce new knowledge in this field. Substantial financial support and industry-specific research can boost and strengthen the CSR contribution.


Bergman MM, Bergman Z, Teschemacher Y, Arora B, Jyoti D, Sengupta R. (2019). Corporate Responsibility in India: Academic Perspectives on the Companies Act 2013. Sustainability. 11(21):5939.

Bharti Sharma (2023). CSR: Building A Sustainable Future For Business and Society.

Bowen, H. R. (2013). Social Responsibilities of the Businessman. University of Iowa Press.

Brown, T.J. and Dacin, P.A. (1997) The Company and the Product: Corporate Associations and Consumer Product Responses. Journal of Marketing, 61, 68-84.

Chaudhuri, A. and Holbrook, M.B. (2001) The Chain of Effects from Brand Trust and Brand Affect to Brand Performance: The Role of Brand Loyalty. Journal of Marketing, 65, 81-93.

CMA Md Rehan (2023). Corporate Social Responsibility in India: A Comprehensive Guide to Regulations and Frameworks.

Dhani, Rupam. (2023). A Contemporary Analysis of CSR Activities Directed towards Environmental Sustainability in Context of Few Indian Companies. 68-75

Fallah Shayan N, Mohabbati-Kalejahi N, Alavi S, Zahed MA. (2022). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as a Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Sustainability. 14(3):1222.

Garg, B. (2013). The Impact of FDI in the Enhancement of Education Sector in India. Pranjana, 16, 68-74.

Garg, V., & Agarwal, S. (2021). An Empirical Study on the Corporate Social Responsibility Regime in India: Pre-COVID and COVID Times. Review of Market Integration, 13(2–3), 124–153.

Gautam RS, Bhimavarapu VM, Rastogi S, Kappal JM, Patole H, Pushp A. (2023). Corporate Social Responsibility Funding and Its Impact on India’s Sustainable Development: Using the Poverty Score as a Moderator. Journal of Risk and Financial Management. 16(2):90.

Gautam, Richa & Singh, Anju. (2010). Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in India: A Study of Top 500 Companies. Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal. 2. 41-56.

Glan, J.I. (2006) Corporate social responsibility and strategic management, Journal of Management Studies, 43(7), 1629-41

Khoruzhy, L. I., Katkov, Y. N., Katkova, E. A., Romanova, A., & Dzhikiya, M. K. (2023). Formation of an Environmentally-Oriented System for Sustainable Economic Security in the context of Inter-Organizational Agricultural Cooperation. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 11(8), e973.

Krishnan, Sandeep & Balachandran, Rakesh. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility as a Determinant of Market Success: An Exploratory Analysis with Special Reference to MNCs in Emerging Markets.

Mahapatra S, & Visalaksh K. (2009). Emerging trends in corporate social responsibility: Perspectives and experiences from post-liberalized India.

Maya Vengurlekar (2023). How India Inc can harness CSR for effective environmental conservation.

Mishra, Supriti & Suar, Damodar. (2010). Does Corporate Social Responsibility Influence Firm Performance of Indian Companies?. Journal of Business Ethics. 95. 571-601.

Mohan-Neill, S. (2001). The perceived needs, benefits and potential target markets for entrepreneurial education. In R. H. Brockhaus, G. E. Hills, H. Klandt, & H. P. Welsch (Eds.), Entrepreneurship education: A global view (pp. 184-197). Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Moon, J., & Matten, D. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility Education Europe. Journal of Business Ethics, 54, 323-337.

Naatu, Felicia, Nyarko, Samuel & Munim, Ziaul & Alon, Ilan. (2022). Crowd-out effect on consumers attitude towards corporate social responsibility communication. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 177. 121544.

Nilesh Pandey (2023). CSR (corporate social Responsibility) & Environmental issues.

Pfajfar, Gregor, Shoham, Aviv, Małecka, Agnieszka & Zalaznik, Maja. (2022). Value of corporate social responsibility for multiple stakeholders and social impact – Relationship marketing perspective. Journal of Business Research. 143. 46-61.

Priyanka Garg, 2016. "CSR and corporate performance: evidence from India," DECISION: Official Journal of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Springer;Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, vol. 43(4), 333-349,

Rosamaria, C.M., & Robert, C.P. (2011) Historical background of corporate social responsibility, Social Responsibility Journal. 7(4), 528 – 539.

Santanu Kumar Das & Manas Pandey (2022). An Empirical Study on the Impact of the Corporate Social Responsibility of the Indian Corporate Sectors. Journal of Economic Integration. 37(4), 790-808.

Severo, E. A., & De Guimarães, J. C. F. (2022). The Influence of Product Innovation, Environmental Strategy and Circular Economy On Sustainable Development in Organizations in Northeastern Brazil. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 10(2), e0223.

Sharma, E., Sathish, M. (2022). “CSR leads to economic growth or not”: an evidence-based study to link corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities of the Indian banking sector with economic growth of India. Asian J Bus Ethics 11, 67–103.

Singal, A. K. (2021). CSR Initiatives and Practices: Empirical Evidence From Indian Metal and Mining Companies. SAGE Open, 11(3).

Strielkowski, Wadim, Tarkhanova, Elena, Baburina, Natalia & Streimikis, Justas (2021). Corporate Social Responsibility and the Renewable Energy Development in the Baltic States. Sustainability. 13. 9860.

Swarna Chourasia (2019). Corporate Social Responsibility: A Study of Selected Indian Companies. Institute of Management Studies Devi Ahilya University, Indore

Tekin, E. K., Ertürk, A., & Tozan, H. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility in Supply Chains. InTech.

Uvais. M, & Cholasseri, H. (2013), Corporate Social Responsibility: Dimension and Challenges in India, International Journal of Engineering Science Invention, Vol. 2, Issue 3, pp. 27-32. Retrieved from

Vijay Pinjarkar (2019). Maharashtra to promote corporate social responsibility in biodiversity protection.

Waddock, S. (2008). Building a New Institutional Infrastructure for Corporate Responsibility. Academy of Management Perspectives, 22(3), 87–108.

Wang, Xiaodong & Bian, Weijun. (2022). Analyzing the Role of Corporate Social Responsibility for Sustainable Environmental Performance: Mediating Roles of Environmental Strategy and Environmental Outcomes. Frontiers in Psychology. 13. 906610.

Wirba AV. (2023). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Role of Government in promoting CSR. J Knowl Econ. 23, 1–27.

Żelazna A, Bojar M, Bojar E. (2020). Corporate Social Responsibility towards the Environment in Lublin Region, Poland: A Comparative Study of 2009 and 2019. Sustainability. 12(11):4463.




How to Cite

Ganesh, M. K., & Venugopal, B. (2023). Challenges, Practice and Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Sustainable Development of Environment and Society. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 11(11), e1486.