Violation of Women's Rights on Divorce: Study on Religious Court Decision




divorce, women's rights, religious court


Objective: This study aimed to show the causes of post-divorce violations of women's rights and the implications of religious court decisions on women which violate their rights. This objective is based on the fact that various problems in marriage cause women to sometimes file for legal divorce from their husbands. However, religious court decisions on divorce have violated women's rights, both the right to maintenance and mut'ah.


Theoretical Framework: Divorce and its settlement in religious courts in Indonesia have problems that sometimes disadvantage women.


Method: The research was conducted with a qualitative approach, this is based on the data studied which are facts and documents related to religious courts on divorce. This study used two data collection methods, namely documentation of Religious Court decisions through directories and interviews.


Results and Conclusion: The decision was confirmed to informants through interviews with a number of judges and women as plaintiffs. Based on the results, the Religious Court decision on divorce violating women's rights produces poverty and life stress for women. Women do not get justice because the Religious Court decision creates gender bias. Therefore, it takes courage from judges in deciding divorce cases to realize 3 legal objectives and a legislative review of several articles in Law on Marriage for the reformulation of Islamic Family Law in Indonesia.


Research Implications: The results of the study have implications for changes in religious court decisions on divorce, so that they are no longer detrimental to divorced wives.


Originality/value: Changes in the religious court system towards the problem of divorce are urgently needed, the fulfillment of the rights of wives who are victims of divorce must be the main aspect to be considered by judges.


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How to Cite

Kholidah, Ridho, M., Sobhan, & Ritonga, M. (2023). Violation of Women’s Rights on Divorce: Study on Religious Court Decision. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 11(6), e1230.