Pancasila Ideology in Challenges of Globalization on Mineral and Coal Law in Indonesia




minning, law, ideology, Pancasila, globalization


Objective: Globalization has a great influence on the legal system of a country, including the mining legal system. In Indonesia, Pancasila can be considered the legal basis and the source of all laws. This study aims to analyze Pancasila as a Source of Law to answer the Challenges of Globalization related to Mineral and Coal Mining Laws in Indonesia.


Method: The research method used is doctrinal law. The Statute Approach examines all laws and regulations relating to legal matter. Data was collected by studying literature and conducting direct interviews with informants.


Result: Generally, the legal development of mineral and coal mining in Indonesia is based on Pancasila. Mining activities must be distinct from foreign investment activities. Regarding investment, the principles of international foreign investment conventions are not under Pancasila.


Conclusion: Pancasila, as the nation's basic philosophy, is open without the need to change its fundamental values to be maintained following existing developments. Thus, even though Pancasila may not be in harmony with the legal principles of international investment, as long as the executive, legislative and judicial institutions are based on Pancasila in carrying out their duties, then in the future other ideologies cannot influence Pancasila ideology.


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How to Cite

Firdaus, A., Suhaidi, Sunarmi, & Leviza, J. (2023). Pancasila Ideology in Challenges of Globalization on Mineral and Coal Law in Indonesia. Journal of Law and Sustainable Development, 11(11), e1148.